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PPBDesigner
What is PPBDesigner?
PPBDesigner is a MATLABbased software for modeling and simulation of discrete flow systems, such as liquidliquid extraction columns (LLEC) with an application of detailed population balances.
PPBDesigner uses modern population balance solvers to discretize the internal particle coordinates, while the builtin spacetime solvers are utilized to discretize the temporalspatial domain. Its LLEC modules (agitated and nonagitated columns) examine the effect of dispersed phase inlet and the direction of mass transfer on the column performance.
The particulate population balance framework considers the realistic character of the systems where particle motion is mainly governed by buoyancy and drag forces. The effect of turbulence, breakage, coalescence, growth, and solute transfer is builtin during the modeling process.
PPBDesigner takes these phenomena into account to bridge the gap between ideal LLEC modules and the real column performance.
It is a tool for both academia and industry practitioners to discover the different aspects of the phenomena considered in equipment design and performance.
Why use PPBDesigner?
You reduce the time invested in the early stage of development to confirm whether the unit operation is convenient for your process and whether it meets your performance requirement.
You reduce costs associated with preliminary laboratory tests by eliminating the use of pilot plants and experiments.
You get a realistic description of the coupled hydrodynamics and mass transfer phenomena in particulate processes.
PPBDesigner integrates with a process simulator
PPBDesigner is a builtin column module in DWSIM Pro, the commercial sibling of the opensource process simulator DWSIM.
PPBDesigner simulates the most industrially important liquidliquid extraction columns such as agitated and nonagitated columns.
The PPBDesigner column module can be integrated with other flowsheet modules for a complete chemical process flow diagram simulation.

RDC column

Kühni column

Pulsed sieve plate column

Pulsed packed bed

Spray column

MultiImpeller column

Oil splitting reactor

Pulsed disc and doughnut column
How it works
You define the column input parameters and select subpopulation balance models using the PPBDesigner Editor.
An automatic background check is performed to verify if all required user input is provided.
You start the simulation.
Simulation of a plant Rotating Disc Column (RDC) for extracting Acetone (Solute) from Water (aqueous phase) to Toluene (Organic phase).
You can view the results in the simulation file.
You can access graphical and numerical displays of the simulation data and results in the PPBDesigner Editor.
What else you should know
Due to the 1D CFD space solvers and the efficient and advanced population balance methods used, PPBDesigner excels in terms of CPU time usage and computational time compared to 2D and 3D CFD software (order of minutes versus order of weeks and months). The simulation results are found close to those of 2D and 3D CFD simulations.
The simulation results include the PPBDesigner learning algorithm. The column hydrodynamics is learnt in the first step and the column performance is validated in the prediction. The predicted simulation results are comparable with the experimental data published in the literature.
PPBDesigner has an intensively validated database of subpopulation balance correlations that are used to adapt simulation according to the chemical system and to the behavior of the discrete entities (droplets, particles, bubbles) inside the column.
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Meet the Expert
behind the Population Balance Modeling
Prof. Dr. Menwer Attarakih is a professor of Computeraided Chemical Process Engineering and Industrial Mathematics and is currently the director of Accreditation & Quality Assurance Centre at and former Vice Dean for Quality Affairs & Accreditation/School of Engineering/University of Jordan.
As a guest professor at the Institute of Thermal Process Engineering, he spent regular research visits at the Institute of Process Engineering/University of Kaiserslautern/ Germany and Fraunhofer Institute for Industrial and Mathematical Economics during the summer of 2005 to the present.
He published more than 120 peerreviewed papers and book chapters in wellknown and reputable international Journals and participated in more than 50 peerreviewed symposia and conferences.
He was honoured with the selection as a Testimonial in the Postgraduate & Doctoral Education by the International School for Graduate Studies (ISGS) at the University of Kaiserslautern/ Germany in 2008.
He was named and honoured as one of the top 10 percent of peer reviewers in Chemical Engineering in 2016 on Publons, where he is verified reviewer for the Chemical Engineering Science Journal, Chemical Engineering & Processing: Process Intensification Journal, Nuclear Engineering Journal, Journal of Computational Physics, Computers & Chemical Engineering Journal, Journal of Cleaner Production, the Chemical Engineering Research and Design Journals, and many more.
He is the Inventor of LLECMOD and PPBLab software for modelling and design of liquidliquid extraction columns and SQMOM (US Patent 20100106467) as a discrete population balance framework to model discrete flow systems.
He invented and developed OPOSPM as a reduced population balance model which is used in the OPENFOAM Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) used by the opensource CFD toolkit OpenFOAM and is included in the release of OpenFOAM as multiphaseEulerFoam. Version 2.2.1. OPOSPM is used by Chemical Sciences and Engineering Division, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, IL 60439, USA to model centrifugal extractors to extract spent nuclear fuels.
He invented NQMOM a stable and reduced population balance solver which is implemented in the meshfree computational fluid dynamics software (FPM) of Fraunhofer Institute for Industrial and Mathematical Economics (ITWM)/Kaiserslautern/Germany. According to Reuters 2020, ITWM is ranked second worldwide as the top institution in scientific research and the number of inventions. (https://www.itwm.fraunhofer.de/en.html).
He developed CDA: A Conservative Discretization Method for discrete modelling and solution of Population Balances.
Developer of the Differential Maximum Entropy Method for solving Integral Population Balances.
Developer of the CQMOM, which recently solved the Moment Problem in Population Balances.
Worked on projects in modeling, troubleshooting, debottlenecking, design and operation with many leading international oil and petrochemical companies which include:
EDL Company in Leiptzeg/ Germany (http://www.edl.poerner.de/en.html).
SULZER Company/ Germany (http://www.sulzer.com/en/).
BASF/ Germany (http://www.basf.com/group/corporate/en/).
NOVARTIS/ Switzerland (http://www.novartis.com/).
Conference: 14th Mediterranean Congress of Chemical Engineering (MeCCE14)
 Attarakih, A. Fricke & H.J. Bart (2020). PPBDesigner: A Population Balance Design Software for Particulate Systems, The 14th Mediterranean Congress of Chemical Engineering (MeCCE). 01 04, December 2020, Fira Gran Vía, Barcelona, Spain, DOI: 10.48158/MeCCE14.DG.06.03.
 Bart, H.J., Jildeh, H., & Attarakih, M. (2020). Population Balances for Extraction Column SimulationsAn Overview. Solvent Extraction and Ion Exchange, 38, 1465.
 Attarakih, H.J. Bart & M. AbuKhader (2019). On the Solution of the Population Balance Equation: From Global to Local Constrained Maximum Entropy Method, Chemical Engineering Science, 209,115168, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ces.2019.115168.
 Alzyod, M. Attarakih & H.J. Bart (2018). CFD Modelling of Pulsed Sieve Liquid Extraction Columns using OPOSPM as a Reduced Population Balance Model: Hydrodynamics and Mass Transfer, ComputerAided Chemical Engineering, 43, 451456.
 Attarakih, S. Alzyod & A. Fricke (2017). Population Balance Modelling of pulsed packed bed extraction columns using PPBLab software, ComputerAided Chemical Engineering, 40, 6772.
 Alzyod, M. Attarakih & H.J. Bart (2017). CFD Modelling of pulsed sieve plate liquid extraction columns using OPOSPM as a reduced population balance model, ComputerAided Chemical Engineering, 40, 6166.
 Alzyod, M. Attarakih, A. Hasseine & H.J. Bart (2017). Steady state modeling of Kühni liquid extraction column using the Spatially Mixed Sectional Quadrature Method Of Moments (SMSQMOM), Chem. Eng. Res. Design, 117C, 549556.
 C. Korb, C., S. S. Alzyod, M. Attarakih, & H.J. Bart (2017). SQMOMModellierung der Hydrodynamik in KühniKolonnen bei der Reaktivextraktion, Chemie Ingenieur Technik, 89, 112.
 S. Alzyod,, C. Korb, C., M. Attarakih, & H.J. Bart (2017). Steady state population balance modelling of Zink extraction in a Kuhni liquidliquid extraction column ISEC2017 The 21^{st} International Solvent Extraction Conference. 050911, Miyazaki, Japan.
 Alzyod, M. Attarakih & H.J. Bart (2016). Dynamic modelling of Kühni liquid extraction columns using the sectional quadrature method of moments (SQMOM), Comp. Chem. Eng., 94, 331342.
 Attarakih, A. Hasseine & H.J. Bart (2016). Modelling of an RDC extraction column using the differential maximum entropy method (DMaxEntM), Proceedings of International Conference on Materials & Energy (ICOM’16), 1720 May 2016, La Rochelle, France.
 Alzyod, M. Attarakih, HJ. Bart, (2016), Detailed Modeling of an RDC liquid extraction column using the Sectional Quadrature Method Of Moments (SQMOM), Proceedings of young researchers symposium (YRS), Fraunhofer Verlag, Kaiserslautern, 914.
 Attarakih , S. Alzyod & H.J. Bart (2016). A new population balance module for pulsed sieve plate liquid extraction column using PPBLab software, 22nd International Congress of Chemical and Process Engineering, CHISA 2016 Prague, Czech Republic, 2831 August, 2016.
 M Attarakih, M Hlawitschka, M AbuKhader, S AlZyod, HJ Bart (2015). CFDPopulation Balance Modelling and Simulation of Coupled Hydrodynamics and Mass Transfer in Liquid Extraction Columns. Applied Mathematical Modelling, 39, 51055120.
 W Hlawitschka, M. Attarakih, S. AlZyod & H.J. Bart (2015). CFD based extraction column design – Chances and challenges. Chinese Journal of Chemical Engineering, 24, 259263, 10.1016/j.cjche.2015.07.023.
 Attarakih, AlZyod, S. Hlawitschka, M. and Bart, H.J. (2015): OPOSSIM: A population balanceSIMULINK module for modelling coupled hydrodynamics and mass transfer in liquid extraction equipment, ComputerAided Chemical Engineering, 37, 257262.
 Attarakih, S. S. AlZyod, A. Hasseine and H.J. Bart (2015). Population Balance Modelling of Pulsed Packed Bed Extraction Column using PPBLab, 10th European Congress on Chemical Engineering, 27 September – 01 August 2015, Nice, France, ISBN , 9782910239824.
 Alzyod S., M. Attarakih, Dutta A., Bart HJ., (2015). The Sectional Quadrature Method Of Moments (SQMOM): An application to liquidliquid extraction columns. Mathematics in (Bio)Chemical Kinetics and Engineering MaCKiE, 0203.07.2015, Ghent, Belgium.
 Jildeh, F. Gebauer, M. Mickler, M. Attarakih, H.J. Bart (2015). Influence of inlet droplet size distribution on column hydrodynamics. Jahrestreffen der Fachgruppen Extraktion und Mischvorgänge, 16.17.03.2015, Heidelberg, Germany.
 B. Jildeh, M. Attarakih, H.J. Bart (2014). Modelling approach to estimate droplet Interaction parameters, Proceedings of ISEC2014, 711Sep. 2014, Wuerzberg, Germany.
 Jildeh, H. B., Attarakih, M. & Bart, H.J. (2014). Parameter optimisation and validation for droplet population balances. Canadian Journal of Chemical Engineering, 92, 2010219.
 Mickler, M., Jildeh, H. B., Attarakih, M. & Bart, H. J. (2014). Online monitoring, simulation and prediction of multiphase flows. Canadian Journal of Chemical Engineering, 92, 307–317.
 Attarakih, Albaraghthi, T., AbuKhader, M., AlHamamre, Z. & Bart, H.J. (2012). Mathematical modeling of high pressure oilsplitting reactor using a reduced population balance model. Chemical Engineering Science, 84, 276–291.
 Jildeh, H. B., Attarakih, M. & Bart, H.J. R. (2013). Droplet coalescence model optimization using a detailed population balance model for RDC extraction column. Chemical Engineering Research and Design, 91, 13171326.
 Attarakih, M., AlZyod, S., AbuKhader, M. & Bart, H. J. (2012). PPBLAB: A new multivariate population balance environment for particulate system modelling and simulation. Procedia Engineering, 42, 15741591.
 Jaradat, M. Attarakih and H.J. Bart (2012). RDC Extraction column simulation using the Multiprimary One Secondary Particle Method: Coupled Hydrodynamics and Mass Transfer, Computers & Chemical Engineering, 37, 2232.
 Jaradat, M. Attarakih, T. Steinmetz & H.J. Bart (2012). LLECMOD: A bivariate Population Balance Tool for Pulsed LiquidLiquid Extraction Columns, The Open Chemical Engineering Journal, 6, 831.
 Jaradat, M. Attarakih & H.J. Bart (2012). Population Balance Modeling of Pulsed (Packed and SievePlate) Extraction Columns: Coupled Hydrodynamic and Mass Transfer, Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., 50,14121–14135.
 M. Attarakih, (2010). System and method for simulating and modeling the distribution of discrete systems, United States Patent Application: US20100106467A1, April 29, 2010.
 Jaradat, M. Attarakih and H.J. Bart (2011). Advanced Prediction of Pulsed (Packed and Sieve) Extraction Column Performance using Population Balance Modeling, Chem. Eng. Res. Design J., 89, 2752–2760.
 Mickler, S. Didas, M. Jaradat, M. Attarakih, H.J. Bart (2011).Tropfenschwarmanalytik mittels Bildverarbeitung zur Simulation von Extraktionskolonnen mit Populationsbilanzen, Chem. Ing. Tech.,(83), 226237.
 Drumm, M. M. Attarakih, M. W. Hlawitschk and H.J. Bart (2010). A onegroup reduced population balance model for CFD simulation of a pilotplant extraction column. Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., 49 (7), 3442–3451.
 Jaradat, M. M. Attarakih and H.J. Bart (2010): Effect of Phase Dispersion and Mass Transfer Direction on Steady State RDC Performance. Chemical Engineering Journal, 165 (2), 379387.
 M. Attarakih, C. Drumm, H.J. Bart & N. M. Faqir, (2009). Solution of the population balance equation using the sectional quadrature method of moments (SQMOM). Chemical Engineering Science, 64, 742–752.
 Drumm, M. M Attarakih and H.J. Bart, (2009). Coupling of CFD with DPBM for an RDC extractor. Chemical Engineering Science, 64, 721 – 732.
 M. Attarakih, H.J. Bart, T. Steinmetz, M. Dietzen & N. M. Faqir (2008). LLECMOD: A Bivariate Population Balance Simulation Tool for LiquidLiquid Extraction Columns. The Open Chemical Engineering Journal, 2, 2008, 1034.
 Drumm, S. Tiwari, M.M. Attarakih, J. Kuhnert, H.J. Bart (2008): CFD –PBM coupled model using finite pointset method and SQMOM, in: Solvent Extraction: Fundamentals to Ind. Applications, B.M. Moyer( Ed.), 11771182, Can. Inst. Min. Met., Montreal.
 M. Attarakih, Bart, H.J., & Faqir, N. M. (2006). Numerical solution of the bivariate population balance equation for interacting hydrodynamics and mass transfer in liquidliquid extraction columns. Chem. Eng. Sci., 61, 113 123.
 Schmidt, A. S., Simon, M., Attarakih, M. M., Lagar, L. G. & Bart, H.J. (2006). Droplet Population Balance Modelling: Hydrodynamics and Mass Transfer. Chem. Eng. Sci., 61, 246256.
 M., Attarakih, Bart, H.J., & Faqir, N. M. (2006). LLECMOD: A windowsbased program for hydrodynamics simulation of liquidliquid extraction columns. Chem. Eng. Procc., 45, 113123.
 M. Attarakih, Bart, H. J., & Faqir, N. M. (2004). Solution of the droplet breakage equation for interacting liquidliquid dispersions: A conservative discretization approach. Chem. Eng. Sci., 59, 25472565.
 M. Attarakih, Bart, H.J. & Faqir, N. M. (2004). Numerical solution of the spatially distributed population balance equation describing the hydrodynamics of interacting liquidliquid dispersions. Chem. Eng. Sci. 59, 25672592.
 B. Jildeh, Menwer Attarakih, Matthias Mickler & HansJörg Bart (2012). An Online Inverse Problem for the Simulation of Extraction Columns using Population Balances, Computer Aided Process Engineering, 30, 1043–1047.
 M. Attarakih, H. B. Jildeh, M. Mickler & H.J. Bart (2012). The OPOSPM as a Nonlinear Autocorrelation Population Balance Model for Dynamic Simulation of Liquid Extraction Columns, ComputerAided Process Engineering, 31, 12161220..
 Jaradat, M. M. Attarakih, M. Hlawitschkah and H.J. Bart (2011). Detailed Mathematical Modelling of LiquidLiquid Extraction Columns. Computer Aided Chemical Engineering, Vol. 29, pp. 15.
 Hlawitschkah, M. Jaradat, M. M. Attarakih, H.J. Bart and J. Kuhnert (2011). A CFDPopulation Balance Model for the Simulation of Kuehni Extraction Column. Computer Aided Chemical Engineering, Vol. 29, pp. 6670.
 M. Attarakih, M. Jaradat, H. Allaboun, H.J. Bart & N. M. Faqir (2008). Dynamic Modelling of a Rotating Disk Contactor Using the Primary and Secondary Particle Method (PSPM). Proc. Of the 18th European Symposium on ComputerAided Process Engineering (ESCAPE 18), Linon/ France, June 2008.
 W. Hlawitschka1, Jildeh, H. B., Attarakih, M. M., AlZyoud, S. & Bart, H.J. (2014). Computer Aided Simulation of Liquidliquid Extraction Columns , 20th International Solvent Extraction Conference 2014, 7–11 September 2014, Würzburg, Germany.
 Attarakih, Hlawitschka, M. W., AlZyod, S., AbuKhader, M., Bart, H.J (2013). A Hyperbolic Population Balance Model for Dynamic Analysis of Liquid Extraction Columns, Proceedings of the 6th International Conference on Process Systems Engineering (PSE ASIA) 25 – 27 June 2013, Kuala Lumpur.
 J. Bart, Hlawitschka, M. W. & Attarakih, M. & (2013). Mass transfer and Population Balance Modeling using 3DCFD, Proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Population Balance Modelling, 1113 Sep., Bangalore, India.
 Jaradat, M. Attarakih and H.J. Bart (2011). Advanced Prediction of Pulsed Extraction Column Performance using LLECMOD, (CM)2Young Researcher Symposium Proceedings: 2227, 15 February 2011, KaiserslauternDeutschland.
 B. Jildeh, M. Attarakih and H.J. Bart (2011). An Inverse Problem Method for RDC Simulation, (CM)2Young Researcher Symposium Proceedings: 4549, 15 February 2011, KaiserslauternDeutschland.
 M. Attarakih, M. Jaradat, M. Hlawitschkah, H.J. Bart and J. Kuhnert (2010). Solution of the population balance equation using the Cumulative Quadrature Method Of Moments (CQMOM). 4th International Conference on Population Balance Modelling hosted by the Max Plank Institute for Dynamics of Complex Technical Systems, 1517.09.2010, Berlin, Germany.
 Kuhnert, M. Attarakih, S. Tiwari, M. Hlawitschka, H.J. Bart(2010). Finite Pointset Method (FPM): Meshfree numerical solution of Population Balance Equations, The 16th European Conference on Mathematics for Industry, July 2630, 2010 Wuppertal, Germany.
 Jaradat, M. Attarakih, M. Hlawitschka and H.J. Bart (2010). A multivariate population balance model for liquid extraction columns. 4th International Conference on Population Balance Modelling hosted by the Max Plank Institute for Dynamics of Complex Technical Systems, 1517.09.2010, Berlin, Germany.
 .M. W. Hlawitschka, C. Drumm, M. Attarakih, H.J. Bart (2010). Simulation of a Kühni extraction column using a CFD and population balance model. 4th International Conference on Population Balance Modelling hosted by the Max Plank Institute for Dynamics of Complex Technical Systems, 1517.09.2010, Berlin, Germany.
 M. Attarakih, H. Allaboun, C. Drumm, H.J. Bart, S. Tiwari & J. Kuhnert (2008). Dynamic Modelling of LiquidLiquid Extraction Columns using the Direct Primary Secondary Particle Method (DPSPM). Proc. of the 6th International Conference on CFD in Oil & Gas, Metallurgical and Process Industries, SINTEF/NTNU, Trondheim Norway,1012 June 2008.
 Tiwari, C. Drumm, V. K. Sharma, J. Kuhnert, M. Attarakih, A. Klar and H.J., Bart (2008). A Meshfree CFDPopulation Balance Equation Coupled Model, Proc. Of the 6th International Conference on CFD in Oil & Gas, Metallurgical and Process Industries, SINTEF/NTNU, Trondheim Norway,1012 June 2008.
 Steinmetz, T., Schmidt, S., Attarakih, M. & H.J. Bart (2005). Droplet Population Balancing for Column Simulation. International Solvent Extraction Conference, Proc. Of ISEC ’05, CDROM (ISBN 7900692029), China Acad. J. Electronic Publ. House, isec2005.org.ch.
 Bart, HJ., Schmidt, S. & Attarakih, M. (2005). Advanced Column Modelling for Reactive Extraction. The 8th conference on Process Integration, Modelling and Optimization for Energy Saving and Polution Reduction. Klemes, J. (Ed). Chemical Engineering Transactions (7), 297302.
 M. Attarakih, H.J. Bart, N.M. Faqir (2004). Numerical solution of the bivariate population balance equation for interacting hydrodynamics and mass transfer in liquidliquid extraction columns. Proc. Of the 2nd Int. Conf. on Population Balance Modelling, 5./7.5.2004, Valencia, Spain, 9497, J. Nopoens, K. Malisse, C.A. Biggs, J.J. Dcoste (eds.) EUROSIS, Ghent, Belgium.
 A. Schmidt, M. Simon, M. M. Attarakih, L. Lagar Garcia, H.J. Bart (2004). Estimation of Populance Parameters in LiquidLiquid Extraction Column. Proc. Of the 2nd Int. Conf. on Population Balance Modelling, 5./7.5.2004, Valencia, Spain,5558, J. Nopoens, K. Malisse, C.A. Biggs, J. J. Dcoste (eds.) EUROSIS, Ghent, Belgium.